Sometimes the damage of acid rain on monuments is irreversible acid rain is erasing most of the art in the dampier rock art complex in australia, and it is estimated that by the middle of the 21st century, most of this art will disappear completely.
Acid rain is a threat to both natural areas and to our national monuments and memorials many monuments are made from limestone, marble, and bronze-materials that can be altered or slowly dissolved by acid precipitation.
Green streaks are evidence of acid rain's effect on the ulysses s grant memorial beyond the national mall acid rain affects natural areas too, especially lakes, streams, and watersheds it changes water chemistry in ways that can affect algae, fish, aquatic plants, frogs, salamanders, and other aquatic creatures.
When acid rain falls on historical monuments of limestone or marble, a chemical reaction takes place which has a corrosive effect on these structures the reaction dissolves the material, leading to permanent damage. Due to acid rain, some heritage buildings and monuments of architectural and historical importance are in danger in different parts of the world acid of the acid rain attack marble, limestone etc of which such architectures are made of.
Acid rain, a byproduct of the some of the greatest measurable effects of acid rain can be observed on human constructions, particularly old buildings with facades built of corrosion-prone metals such as copper and porous stone such as limestone unfortunately, buildings and monuments at most of the world's most important heritage places. Acid rain and other atmospheric pollutants may sometime cause great damage to historical monuments a fierce controversy has recently been generated in india as to whether or not the oil refinery in mathura poses a threat to the taj mahal in agra (some 64 km from mathura) an expert committee.
Concern about the effects of acid rain on building materials was raised in a house of commons select committee report in september 1984 as part of the governments response, the buildings effect review group (berg) was established to give considered advice on the effects of acid deposition on buildings. Acid rain effects on buildings acids have a corrosive effect on limestone or marble buildings or sculptures it is well established that either wet or dry deposition of sulfur dioxide significantly increases the rate of corrosion on limestone, sandstone, and marble. Acid rain, a byproduct of the large-scale burning of sulfates and nitrates, has been an observed phenomenon since the very earliest years of the industrial revolution in 1872, when english scientist robert angus smith wrote of its corrosive effect on buildings and plants as large amounts of these chemicals are released into the atmosphere.