Retrolisthesis is a backward movement of a spinal vertebra relative to the vertebra beneath it historically, retrolisthesis has been seen as having no clinical significance but as research activities continue, associations with pain, decreased functionality, and degenerative changes in the spine are being made. Retrolisthesis is relatively rare but when present has been associated with increased back pain and impaired back function neither the prevalence of this condition in individuals with lumbar disc herniations nor its possible relation to pre-operative back pain and dysfunction has been well studied.
Overtime, without treatment, the symptoms tend to worsen, especially if degenerative disorders are responsible for causing retrolisthesis causes of retrolisthesis the leading cause of retrolisthesis in older people is arthritis, which usually leads to deterioration of their disc tissue.
Retrolisthesis, or backwards slippage of a vertebra, is an uncommon joint dysfunction a vertebra is a small bony disc that makes the vertebrae, a series of small bones that form the backbone. Retrolisthesis combined with posterior degenerative changes, degenerative disc disease, or vertebral endplate changes had incidences of 48%, 16%, and 48% respectively the prevalence of retrolisthesis did not vary by sex, age, race, smoking status, or education level when compared to individuals with normal sagittal alignment.
I recently had an x-ray of my cervical spine and the test results reported: there is reversal of normal cervical lordosis with disc space narrowing and equivocal retrolisthesis at c5-6 with some lateral spurring more on the right. In degenerative spondylolisthesis, intersegmental instability is present as a result of degenerative disk disease and facet arthropathy these processes are collectively known as spondylosis (ie, acquired age-related degeneration) the slip occurs from progressive spondylosis within this three-joint motion complex. The complexity of the spinal region means that a wide range of possible conditions exist to confound diagnosis in the presence of back and leg pain and spondylolisthesis or retrolisthesis the surgeon will tend to focus upon this evident pathology and treat this.
Spondylolisthesis, spondylolysis, and spondylosis the use of direct electrical current for stimulation of fusion has been advocated by some to enhance fusion rates in patients at risk of pseudoarthrosis (ie, persons who smoke. For example, a progressive or high grade retrolisthesis may require spinal stabilization using instrumentation and fusion to prevent the condition from worsening as stated earlier, retrolisthesis can cause other problems, such as spinal stenosis that may require surgical decompression (eg, laminectomy) to relieve nerve impingement. I have long history with back pain and referred pain to hips and legs had a laminectomy in 1988 now am told i have a retrolisthesis and, following facet block injection this past june which gave great but temporary relief, i'm scheduled for a lumbar fusion at l4-l5.
The reason was that retrolisthesis in these cases increased patients' risks for post-surgical lumbar disc herniation (the surgery in question was a bilateral partial laminectomy, along with removal of the posterior support ligament. Aging: spondylosis basically means aging changes of the spine, which can include degeneration of the discs, arthritis in the joints of the spine, bone spurs, bulging discs mild and left sided simply refer to the severity and location of the spondylosis, and c4 - 5 tells you which level of the spine is involved.